Wednesday, March 2, 2016

National minorities under the Georgian Dream

In October 2016, Georgia will hold the next general elections. How has the Georgian Dream performed in its first mandate, and which problems and challenges await Georgia in 2016? This first analysis focuses on the situation of minorities, a fundamental perspective for a country that has undergone a profound crisis of sovereignty because of ethnic tensions. Indeed, the two breakaway areas of Abkhazia and South Ossetia founded their declarations of independence in the storming and complex years in between the collapse of the Soviet Union and Georgian national independence. It was a period marked by exacerbated nationalisms and micro-nationalisms which at the time resulted in efforts to concretize forms of statehoods short of inclusiveness, where minorities were suspiciously viewed and largely marginalized. As a tragic consequence many citizens were forced to flee to parts of their country where their safety would be ensured (especially Georgians fleeing secessionist areas). The territorial integrity of the newly-born state was badly affected.

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